|Info 6a, Thomas Chatterton census||Close info Window|
Son of Edwd & Martha Chatterton,
New York, Township of Charleworth and Parish of Glossop.
was born June 9th 1811 and Baptised June the 18
by me William Midgley.
Thomas' first marriage to Hannah Smedley was 10 June 1832. at St Mary the Virgin
parish church Eccles , Lancashire; which is on the south west outskirts of Manchester
One witness was John Chatterton most probably Thomas' brother.
Although the 1841 census states Hannah born Lancashire circa 1811-14 her death in 1850 aged 41 suggest 1809 best fit are either baptism of 30th june Kirk-irton Derby or 28th january Staspleford Nottingham shire both some 30 miles south from Manchester.
baptisms occ abode John 1833 Coach Smith Manchester Ann 1834 Coach Smith Salford Edward 1835 no image Sarah ann 1836 Publican Failsworth Robert 1838 no image Charles 1840 Publican Failsworth David Smedley 1842 no image Elizabeth 1845 Publican Manchester James Frederick 1847 no image
Thomas is listed as a publican (Inn Keeper) of The Bulls Head from 1835 to 1838
The 1841 census shows him as a Victualar in Dob Lane Failsworth and in 1847, and Newton in 1855
The Inn appears to have been situated just off the Main Manchester to Oldham Turnpike some 4 miles NE of Manchester, between the turnpike and the Rochdale Canal.
In 1849 Thomas sold the Inn
Bulls Head has the oldest alehouse licence in Failsworth that can be traced back to 1731.
In 1734 a Turnpike Act was passed to improve the road from Manchester to Austerlands on the Yorkshire border, via Failsworth, Hollins and Oldham.
This increased the prospect of having horse-drawn vehicles passing by and their drivers and passengers coming in for refreshments.
By the 1830's there was a decline of the stage coach and the appearance of the first local omnibuses. These ran to Manchester from Bulls Head every day at 10:00am, noon, 5:30pm, 7:15pm and 8:30pm, and the service was well established by 1836.
Failsworth circa 1843
Failsworth circa 1893
In 1841 there were 10 inns in Failsworth and a rapidly growing population of over 2000 serving a number of Mills in the area.
An April 1849 a newspaper advertisement stated "...The house is replete with every convenience for the trade, contains five entertaining rooms, on the ground floor, exclusive of bar and pantry; large club room, containing nearly 100 square yards of flooring; four bedrooms; brewhouse, fitted up on best principle; with a never-failing supply of water, good wash-house, detached stables, piggerles, garden, etc. There are three clubs attached to the house, one of which is held fortnightly; and a Manchester Omnibus runs to and from the house sixteen times a day. .." The address of Bulls Head changed in mid 1880's from Dob Lane to the present 3 Oldham Road.
A survey in 1890 found the new Bulls Head could accommodate three travelers and provide meals for up to twenty persons. There was stabling for six horses and the nearest public houses were each 500 yards away - the Weavers and the Church Inn, Newton Heath.
The 1841 Census, dated June 11, 1841, Source: HO107; Piece: 581; Book: 9; Folio: 18/19; Page: 29/30; Place: Failsworth district 1, Manchester, Lancaster, Dwelling: Dob lane born this county Thomas Chatterton, 25, Victualer. No Hannah Chatterton 25 Yes Mary Chatterton 7 Yes Edward Chatterton 6 Yes Sarah Ann Chatterton 4 Yes Robert Chatterton 2 Yes Joseph* Chatterton 1 Yes Sarah Percival, 15, FS (female servant?).*Joseph, Bap. Sunday April 26, 1840, as Charles joseph
Having sold the Inn in 1849
The 1851 Census shows Thomas Chadderton as a widower,
possible death of his wife
GRO Deaths Hannah Chatterton SepQt 1850 Manchester 20 607
Hannah wife of Thomas, buried 4th aug 1850, Newton Heath
|1850, Burial at All Saints, Newton Heath, in the Parish of Manchester and Newton|
1851 census Source: Ho 107, Piece 2231 Folio 200 page 4 place: Newton, Manchester Dwelling: Schedule 10, Church Street Thomas Chatterton, head, W 39, assistant overseer, collector and surveyor, Glossopdale, Derbyshire; Mary Chatterton dau, s 18, housekeeper, Fallowfield, Manchester; Edward Chatterton son, 16, assistant book-keeper, Failsworth, Sarah Ann Chatterton dau 14, powerloom weaver, Failsworth; Robert Chatterton son, 12, silk factory operative, Failsworth; Charles joseph Chatterton son 11 silk factory operative; Failsworth; David smedley Chatterton son, 7, silk factory operative; Failsworth; Elizabeth Chatterton dau 5, scholar Failsworth; James frederick Chatterton son, 4, scholar. Failsworth;
|1855 Marriage Solomnized at St. John's Church in the parish of Manchester in the county of Lancaster|
| Name and
|Age||Condition|| Rank or
| Married in the above Church
According to the Rites and Ceremonies of the Established Church,
In the presence of:
The Index of unassisted passengers to Victoria, Australia Shows arriving Melbourne, 14 september 1857 on the ship Sarah Dixon Thomas Chatterton age 45 occupation Grinller? Charles Catterton age 16 do David Chatterton age 14 donote; Thomas age is not in the married column! Source: Public Record office Victoria
It is not clear if Thomas' second marriage had broken down or if he had originally intended to send for his wife and other children, when he was settled in Australia. Expectations of high wages in Au were sadly exagerated and labourer were lucky to attain £30 per annum.
|Australian Police Gazette, Victoria, 1901|
Thomas Chatterton and his two sons, Joseph Chatterton and David Smedley Chatterton, are inquired for by Charles Chatterton 207 Japonica Street, Pawtuket, Rhode Island, USA.
They are said to have arrived in Melbourne in 1857, and have been Cattle raising.
2nd December 1901.
1861 Census Source: RG 9; Piece: 2916; Folio: 30; Page: 5; place: Salford, Lancashire, England Dwelling 73 Silk Street Mary Chatterton, head m 46 house keeper, Gisburn, Yorkshire, Charles H. Dean, son s 15 calico hooker, Seacomb, Cheshire, Sarah Chatterton, dau s 24 cotton weaver, Failsworth, Cheshire, Robert Chatterton, son, 23 striker iron, Failsworth, Cheshire William Chatterton, son, 5 scholar, Salford, Lancashire, William Turner, nephew, 11 office boy, Salford, Nancy Curdy, lodger widow, 80, Colyhurst, Lancashire, Fanny Wiggins, lodger widow, 41 cotton warper, Colyhurst, Mary Wiggins, dau s 18 cotton weaver, Colyhurst.note additional child, William Chatterton born to 2nd wife Mary
1871 Census Source: RG10; Piece: 4019; Folio: 98; Page: 10 Place Greengate, district 28, Salford, Lancashire Dwelling shedule 45, 91 Silk Street, Mary Chatterton head M 53, Craven*, Yorks, James, Chatterton son U 24 artisan printer, Failsworth, Lancs William Chatterton son U 15 apprentice maker up, Salford, William Turner nephew U 21 apprentice maker up, Salford.* enumerator error?
1881 Census Source RG11; Piece: 3951; Folio: 77; Page: 36 Place Broughton district 4a, Salford, Lancashire Dwelling 23 Edith Street, Mary Chatterton head M 63 Publicans wife, Gisbourne, York, James Chatterton son 34 House painter Failsworth, Lancashire, William Chatterton son, 25 Marker up cloth warehouse(cotton dyer) Salford, Lancashire
Mary Chatterton probably died sepqt1890 Salford aged 73
References- Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints records ( film & books) by Charles & Joanne Gilbert (1) Vivien (2) William Hartley (3) LDS Family Group Record (4) Christenings list from Manchester, Cathedral, Lancashire (5) England Census (6) Birth records (7) "Failsworth Pubs 1731-1995 and their licensees" by Rob Magee (8) World Family Tree Vol. 15, Tree 3238 (Alan Thorley) (9) Certified Marriage Record
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© JCC Glass Updated 13th February 2021