Info 6, Taine Origins
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Charles frederick Taine 1863 - 1949
The youngest son of John James Taine & Leocadia D'Olivera


James John TAINE, was born on the 29th January, 1817, and baptised on the 16th March, 1817, in St. Giles Church, Cripplegate, London.
His attention being directed to this country by the public notices exhibited in London by the New Zealand Company, he sailed by the “Adelaide” on the 18th September 1839. Arriving at Port Hardy on March 4th, 1840, he proceeded to Port Nicholson. He married Leocadia de Oliveira shortly after his arrival in Wellington. About six years later he again visited Porty Hardy, and was a guest for a time of Captain Stanley, of H.M.S. “Calliope,” which was sheltering there. There he met Lieut. McKillop, of Maori War fame, who later in life became an Admiral in the Turkish Navy, and died in Egypt as “McKillop Pasha.”

Mr. Taine's business premises were on Lambton Quay (site of Scoullar's furniture warehouse), and his wharf was erected by the present site of the Royal Hotel. He resided at the Hutt, by the bridge site, on the east side of the river bank. His neighbour, Mr. Rush, who was massacred by the Maoris under Mamaku and Rangihaeata, lived on the opposite side of the river. At this time Mr. Taine, who was a member of the Militia, removed his wife and young family to Wellington, and lived at Thorndon Quay until the earthquake of 1855 badly damaged his house. He then removed to the house on Wellington Terrace which later became Captain Sharp's (now, in 1929, Sir Robert Stout's).

Prior to the gold discoveries in California and Australia he was a trustee of the Debenture Association. It was owing to Mr. Taine's and Captain W. B. Rhodes' efforts that a branch of the Bank of New Zealand was opened at Wellington. He removed to Auckland in 1879, and died a few years ago at an advanced age.

sheet 2
    John james Taine 
    b.29jan1817 London,  son of Mary & James Taine, Brick Layer, of Lad Lane
    c.16mar1817 St. Giles Cripplegate, london,
    d.17aug1914 aged 97 NZ
    m.28jun1840 Wellington NZ
    Leocadia  De Olivera 
    b.~1820 Lisbon, Spain
    d.27nov1902 Auckland NZ
    |                                                                               cont.
    Susannah             Marie        Nina         Jesse        Edward       Arthur 
    leocadia             jane         georgina     sophia       james        banard  
    |                    |            |            |            charles      effingham  
    b.~1841              b.27jul1842  b.~1843      b.~1845      b.21jun1849  b.07aug1851 
    d.1920               d.08jul1918  d.1938       d.1926       d.16sep1869  d.02jan1921
    |                    |   Au       |            |            aged 20      |      
    m1.1869..m2.1886     m.27sep1864  m.1866       m.1869                    m.1884 
    |         |          |            |            |                         |      
    |         |          Charles      |            John                      Isabella 
    Montague  William    william      Frederick    gifford                   jane   
    Mosley    Darling  craven Webb    Russell      Fides                     Sayer 
  Taine children cont.  *no names recorded at registration, best guess as to order
         Alfred       Henry       *Walter      *Leocadia     *Frank       Charles
         |            edgar        hedley       angelica     john         Frederick
         b.06dec1852  b.31mar1855  b?17mar1856  b?05jun1858  b?01aug1860  b.30nov1863
         d.1941       d.1943       d.1940       d.26nov1874  d.1895       d.1949
         | aged 88    age 88       age 79       aged 16      aged33       | aged 87
         m.1883       ******       m.1883        ******       ******      m.15may1895
         |                         |                                      |
         Eleanor                   Janet                                  Alice 
         Wilson                    Glimer                                 maria 
                                   b.1863                                 Burgess  
                                   James tayne
                                   d.02sep1915 Gallipoli

New Zealand Gazzette and Wellington Spectator. 2nd May 1840
In Port, ship Adelaid fromn London, Passenger lists
...., Miss Oliviera, Miss Riddiford, J. Taine, ....

8th June 1840
James john Taine married Miss Olivera, Miss Riddiford - Bridsmaid

sheet 3
Westport Times, 4 December 1869
At St. Paul's Church, Dunedin, on the 22nd November, b.y the Rev. E. G. Edwards, 
Montague Mosley, New Zealand Civil Serviee, Wellington, to
Susannah Leccardia, eldest daughter of James J. Taine, Esq., Tainesland, Dunedin.

Evening Post, 28th June 1900
A Wellington diamond Wedding
To-day is the sixtieth anniversary of the marriage of Mr. and Mrs. James John Taine. They celebrate the occasion at Auckland where they now reside Their marriage took place at Wellington on the 8th June, 1840, the ceremony being performed by the Rev. F. J. Churton, M.A., incumbent of St. Paul's in a temporary building used for church purposes. Dr. Evans gave the bride away, Colonel Wakefield was the best man, Miss Riddiford (now .Lady Strode) and the two little daughters of Mrs. Churton were the bridesmaids.
The wedding breakfast was prepared by Mrs. Evans ; and Captain Smith R.E., Surveyor-General for the New Zealand Land Company, and a large number of guests were present. Mr. and the then Future Mrs. Taine left London on the 18th September 1839 in the good ship Adelaide, arriving at Wellington on the 7th March, 1840. After settling down Mr. Taine started business witn great energy. In 1848, with three others, he chartered the ship Artemesia for a voyage to San Francisco, gold having been discovered there. This venture resulted in a total loss. In 1851 gold was discovered in Australia. Mr. Taine, in conjunction with Messrs. Bethune and Hunter, chartered and loaded for some years many vessels for that colony.
When the Bank of New Zealand was sought to be established at Auckland and delegates were sent to Wellington, Mr. Taine and the late Captain W. B. Rhodes were most prominent supporters of the scheme. The New Zealand Insurance Company, which was also originated and started at Auckland, sent a delegate to Wellington, and Mr. Taine anel Mr. C. J. Pharazyn were appointed to carry out the views of the company, which they had the satisfaction of successfully doing. No project of any commercial standing failed to get Mr. Taine's energetic support, he being one of Wellington's most goahead citizens in the early days.
Mr. and Mrs. Taine's numerous friends will all be pleased to hear that they enjoy excellent health considering their great ages. Of their family some reside in Auckland and some at Dunedin ; while Mr. A. G. Taine and three daughters (Mrs. Darling, Mrs. Webb, and Mrs. Fildes) are the Wellington representives. It is worthy of note that this was the second marriage in New Zealand after the islands had become a British colony. A singular co-incidence is that the first four persons united in wedlock in the colony should have all lived to celebrate their diamond wedding and that they still reside in New Zealand.

Otago Witness, 12th July 1900
Who celebrated their diamond jubilee at their house in Auckland on June 28, 1900, their marriage having taken place at Wellington on June 28, 1840. The ceremony was performed by the Rev. F. J. Churton, M.A. Dr Evans gave the bride away, Colonel Wakefield was the best man, Miss Ruddiford (now Lady Strode) and the two little daughters of Mrs Churton were the bridesmaids.
Mr and Mrs Taine spent many years in Dunedin in the sixties and seventies, and two of their sons still occupy prominent positions in this city.
Mr Taine is 84 and Mrs Tame 81 years of age, and both still enjoy good health.
Their marriage was the second in New Zealand, after the islands became a British colony.

sheet 4
Evening Poist, 30th January 1912
Yeterday was celebrated the ninty fifth birthday of Mr. James J. Taine. What is probably of greater interest than the fact that he is as hale and hearty nonogenarian is that he arrived in Wellington when at Man's estate, in 1840, and has completed seventy-two years' adult residence in New Zealand. It is perhngs this fact that makes Mr. Taine and his friend and rival in age and residence, Sir John Ldgan Campbell, two of the most interesting New Zealand citizens. The Grand Old Man of Auckland is a few month Mr. Taine's senior, but Mr. Taine has slightly the longer residence here. Contemporaneous with his arrival was that of his future wife, the adopted daughter of Mr. E. G. Wakefield, Miss Leocadia de Olivera, a native of Lisbon, and almost immediately following their landing was celebrated the marriage, the first white marriage in Wellington. The clergyman was the Rev. F. J. Churton, of St Paul's, Wellington, and the temporary edifice in which the ceremony took place was a small wooden building. Dr. Evans, a director of the New Zealand Company, and the lady's guardian, gave her away. Col. Ivin Wakefield was best man, and Lady Siiode (nee Miss Riddiford) was one of tha brides-maids.
Mrs. Taine happily lived to a great age. She passed away a few years back.
During the first few years of the early settlement of Wellington, Mr. Taine was active in local affairs, and was largely instrumental in the establishment of a shipping service between Wellington, Sydney, and Melbourne, the commencement of a branch of the Bank of New Zealand, which was then represented at Auckland, and, in conjunction with the late Hon. C. J. Pharazyn, of the New Zealand Insurance. Company. Mr. Taine was closely identified w;th all of our earliest pioneers, names now only heard of rarely seen in early records, or perpetuated by the nomenclature of our streets.
The then leading chiefs of the Native race were frequently met by him, and business transacted. The remarkable Te Rauparaha and his handeome though fierce, fighting general, Rangihaeata, Te Puni, the venerable and peaceful high chief of Wellington at Petone, and his turbulent son, Te Wharapouri, of Ngahauranga, a veritable Maori hero were all known to Mr. Taine.
It was many years ago that Mr. Tame was able to retire from business, and for the present he Is spending the summer months in what in the forties was called "the fishing village in Cook Straits"— namely, Wellington. The events of yesterday was celebrated at the residence of his eldest daughter, Mrs. W. Darling, on Wellington-terrace, where he was the recipient of many messages and tokens of felicitation from far and near. On sunny days his picturesquue figure, with silver white hair, almost to the shoulders can be seen on the Quay or in Willis street making its unaided way to the many institutions he is still interested in or taking a stroll along the Salamanca road leading to the Kelbourne Heights.

Dominion, 3rd February 1914
Mr J. J. Tame, one of the original settlers at Wellington under the New Zealand Land Company, but now resident at. North Head, Devonport, celebrated his, 98th birthday on Thursday. Seventy-four years of adult residence in New Zealand still finds him wonderfully well, a fact which causes much gratification to his many friends, and relations.
Mr. Taine, who was born at Bath, England, in 1816, embarked for New Zealand at Gravesend on September 18th. 1839, in the ship Adelaide, Comanded by Captain Campbell, and arrived in Port Nicholson on March 7, 1840. The Adelaide dropped anchor between Somes Island and the Maori Pa at the mouth of the Hutt River. The Tory and Glenborvio also entered the habour at the same time. That night the Hutt River rose, and flooded low-lying lands with the result that a council of pioners decided to move the settlement to the other end of the harbour, and next day a landing was effected on Pipitea beach.

On the voyage out Mr. Taine met his future wife Miss Lcocadia De'Olivcra, the adopted daughter of Mr. Edward Gibbon Wakefield, in whos' biography will be found a very pretty story relative to her childhood days in Lisbon. Shortly after landing their marriage was celebrated.
Mr. Taine vas a highly enterprising man he sucedded the late Mr. E. J. Riddiford in the service of the New Zealand Land Company, and when the tho Californian and Australian gold rushes broke out, he, in conjunction with the late Messrs.- Bothuno and Hunter, dispatched many vessels to both countries, their enterprise being well rewarded.

In 1861 Mr, Taine decided to move to Dunedin, and he resided there until 1879, when he came to Auckland, he has spent most of his time in Auckland since then the period being broken by visits to England, the Continent, and Australia.

sheet 5
MARRIAGES 1912 Leocadia D'olivera to Norman gillard Gribble

Evening Star, 24 November 1869
Mosley-Taine, On the 22nd inst., at St Pauls Church, Dunedin, by the Rev. F.G.Edwards
Montague Mosley, New Zealand Civil Service, Wellington, to
Susannah Leocadia eldest daughter of James J. Taine Esq., Tainsland, Dunedin.

Evening Star, 4th August 1886
Darling- Mosley; On the 31st July 1886 at the residence of Mr. Arthur Taine, St John's Wood
by the Rev. D.M. Syuart D.D., William Darling to
Susannah Leocadia Mosley, Eldest daughter of J.J. Taine Esq.,late of Dunedin.


Loocadia angelicia Evening Star, 28th November 1874
Death: TAINE, On the 26th November,
at the residence of her parents,
Maori Hill, near Dunedin,
Leocadia angelica
daughter of James john Taine Esq.,
in the 16th year of her age.

Evening Star 17th September 1878
On the 10th inst., at Nelson, Edward, eldest son of
James Jno. Taine, Esq.,
after a long and painful illness, aged 20 years.

New Zealand Herald, 23rd April 1895
Death: TAINE, On April 21st 1895, at Devonport,North shore, Auckland
Frank john Taine, aged 33, after long and painfull illness and Christian fortitude
The beloved son of James and Leocadia Taine.
The Funeral will leave the residence of his sister (Mrs F. Russell)
Cheltenham Beach road, for the cemetery at Takapuna,
today (Tuesday) at 3pm Friends please accept this intimation.

sheet 6

Otago Daily Times, 28th November 1902
TAINE: On thursday, November 27th 1902, at Devonport,Auckland
Leocadia D'Olivera, the beloved wife of James john Taine,
mother of Arthur and Walter Taine of this city, aged 83 years. Deeply Regreted.

O'Neills Point Cemetery, Takapuna

In Loving Remembrance
Wife of
James John TAINE
27 Nov 1902
In the 83rd year of her age.

The adopted daughter of
Edward Gibbon Wakefield,
The founder of the Colony of New Zealand.
She arrived at Wellington on the ship ADELAIDE
on 7th March 1840.

Evening Post, 8th august 1914
Deaths: TAINE: On the 17th August, at his residence, North Head, Devonport, Auckland
James John Taine; aged 97 years.

1915 JAMES tayne TAINE, Gunner No.2/1573awmm

Born 15 November 1894 in Dunedin,
son of Walter Taine (1860-1940) and Janet nee Gilmer (1863- 1922).
James was a Gunner in the Coastal Defence Force in Dunedin in the 1910s. He enlisted on 18 April 1915 in the NZ Field Artillery.
HMT Southland 1915
On 2 September 1915 he was with the HQ of the NZ Field Artillery, the only NZ unit on an Australian troop transport, HMT Southland. 65km south of Lemnos, the island nearest Gallipoli, when the Southland was hit by a torpedo from a German submarine.
All but 40 of the 1,400 men on board were able to leave in lifeboats, and were picked up by other transports.
James Taine was among the 40 reported 'missing, believed drowned'. He has no known grave, and is commemorated on the Lone Pine Memorial on Gallipoli.
Lest we forget.

sheet 7
Otago Daily Times, 20 July 1918: Deaths
Webb; At Cremorne Point, North Sydney, on 8th July inst.
Marie J Webb second daughter of the late James J. Taine,
(formaly of Dunedin)

Otago Daily times, 24th January 1921
Death: TAINE On January 22, at St Kilda, Arthur B.E. Taine
beloved husband of Isabella J. Taine
and second son of the late James J. Taine, aged 69 years
Private interment. Hope and Kingston Undertakers.

sheet 8

Dominion, 18 August 1914
The death is announced of another of New Zealand's pioneer settlers of 1840,
in the person of Mr. J. J. Taine, who died early yesterday morning at his residence, North Head, Auckland, having attained the great age of 97.
Up to a few days ago he had been enjoying splendid health, and was in complete possession of all his faculties, when an attack of bronchitis supervening on a cold, brought to a close the life of an interesting personality.

Of late years Mr. Taine was only an occasional visitor to Wellington, but his venerable figure was fairly well known here, where in 1840 he landed from the New Zealand Company's ship Adelaide, accompanied by Mrs. Taine who as Miss Leocadia De'Olivera was the adopted daughter of Edward Gibbon Wakefield.
Here and in other parts of New Zealand Mr. Taine built up a lucrative business, and in a few years he was able to retire into private life. He was a contemporary of all the men who made names for themselves at the founding of this Dominion prior and subsequent to 1840, and could converse most interestingly on such personalities as Captains Hobson and Fitzrov, our first Governors, the Wakefields, Shortlands, Bishop Selsvyn, and many others, while on the Native side he frequently met such redoubtable character

Mr. Taine leaves a numerous family in various parts of the Dominion. They are Messrs. A. and W. Taine, Dunedin; Mr. H. Taine,. Stoke; Mr. C. F. Taine, Wellington; and Mr. A. G. Taine, Auckland while the daughters are; Mrs. Darling and Mrs. Fildes, Wellington; Mrs. Webb and Mrs. Russell, Auckland. ,

The funeral will take place next Thursday, from deceased's late residence, when his body will be laid beside that of the late Mrs. Taine, at O'Neill's Private Cemetery, Auckland.

New Zealand Heald, 30th July 1937
Many Concratulations:- Old ponsonby Resident - Ninty Fouth Birthday
Many messages of congratulation were received by Mrs. N. G. Russell, St. Mary's Road, Ponsonby, on her ninety-fourth birthday, which she celebrnthed yesterday.
Mrs. Russell's parents, the late Mr. and Mrs. J. J. Taine, arrived in Wellington in the ship Adelaide in 1840 after a long vovage.

Her childhood was spent in that city, in company with a sister and her brother, Mr. Alfred Taine, who is now 84 years old, and lives in Grafton Road, Auckland. The three children went to a school kept by the Misses F and J. Spinks, close to which was a Maori pa, and many were the exciting encounters they had with the natives.
The marriage of Mrs. Russell took place in Duncdin in January, 1866. Twenty-one years later her husband died when visiting Melbourne, leaving her with a family of six children, all of whom are still living. Five are resident in New Zealand, while the eldest son, now over 70 years of age, lives in Brisbane.

Mrs. Russell tenjoys good health, with the full use of her faculties, and spends much of her time reading the newspapers, walking and playing cards. Treasured possessions of the Taine family are a number of parchment scripts which show that for eight generations the family had been granted the freedom of the city of London. The special dispensation-and the necessary are set out in full on the quaint documents.

sheet 9

New Zealand Heald, 7th November 1938
Death at 95
A link with Edward Gibbon Wakefield and the foundation of Wellington has been broken by the death on Saturday of an old Ponsonby resident, Mrs. Nina Georgina Russell, of 19 St. Mary's Road, in her 96th year. Mrs. Russell was born in Lambton Quay, Wellington, then known as "the Reach," on July 29, 1843. Her father, Mr. James John Taine, had landed from the ship Adelaide on March 7, 1840, less than two months after the arrival of the New Zealand Company's survey vessel Cuba and the *first passenger ship, the Aurora. Among those who also made the. voyage in tho Adelaide was a young Spanish lady, Miss Leocadia de Oliveira, ,who, according to the family records, had been adopted by Edward Gibbon Wakefield in Portugal in 1835 as a companion to his daughter Nina. On the latter's death he sent her to Wellington under the guardianship of Dr. Samuel Evans and Mrs. Evans. He himself did not arrive in New Zealand until 1852, and he died at Wellington -10 years later.

Memories of Earthquake
On board the Adelaide a romance developed and Miss De Oliveira married Mr. Taine in St. Paul's Church, Wellington, in June, 1840. They had 13 children, of whom Mrs. Russell was the third, and both ended their days in Auckland, Mrs. Taine dying in 1902 and her husband in 1914, aged 97.
Mrs. Russell, who was christened Nina after Miss- Wakefield, had many recollections of early Wellington, where she spent her girlhood. An outstanding one was of the second severe earthquake which the town experienced. This wrecked her father's house at Thorndon. She was attending a boarding school for young ladies at Te Aro when the shock occurred. The doors and windows of the building all became jammed, and it was some time before tho panic-stricken teachers and pupils could make their escape.

Arrival in Auckland In 1866 Miss Taine married Mr. Frederick Russell, who for the next 20 years conducted a wine and spirit business in Rattray Street, Dunedin. Mr. Russell died in 1887 while on a visit to Melbourne, leaving her with a family of six children. She moved to Auckland and, after living for a long period at Devonport, settled at Ponsonby 25 years ago. Mrs. Russell, who spent her whole life in New Zealand, enjoyed good health in her later years and retained her faculties to a remarkable degree. Until about 18 months ago she regularly played cards at the houses of several friends, and she owned a large collection of prizes won at euchre tournaments. She is survived by four sons and two daughters, one of whom, Mrs. Dora O'Brien, lived with her.

There are 12 grandchildren and nine great-grandchildren. A brother, Mr. Alfred Taine, who is in his 86th year, resides in Grafton Road.

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